Squatting became popular in Spain in the 1970s, as a result of the shortage of urban accommodation during the rural exodus. It was revived in the mid-1980s during the Movida, under the name of the okupa movement, when thousands of illegal squats were legalized. Influenced by the British Levellers, the movement’s popularity rose again during the 1990s, once more due to a housing crisis, this time related to the 1992 Summer Olympics; concomitant urban regeneration, property speculation and house price inflation continues to catalyze okupa activism.

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